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Farm fields
13th June 2018

Phosphorus flow mapping to identify opportunities for recovery and reuse

The need to look for more local sources of phosphorus (P), such as recycling of P in waste, becomes increasingly important as rock-phosphate quality declines. Moving towards a closed P cycle has the potential to decrease cost, increase sustainability, reduce pollution, and improve local and...
Hydropower dam
25th January 2018

Water and the circular economy - where is the greatest sustainable economic benefit for resource recovery in the water cycle?

Driven by environmental, social and economic benefits and the increasing pressure on resources, the need for more considerate use and recovery of resources is growing. In recognition of this, the EU has resource efficiency as a priority going forward. The “Roadmap to a Resource Efficient Europe”...
Waterfall in small stream
1st February 2017

Investigating the sensitivity of river wetted habitat to changes in flow

The relationship between flow and ecological health is an indirect one. Individual species and ecological communities respond to physical variables such as flow velocity, wetted habitat area, depth, and stream power. However, these variables are related to flow and, due to the fact that it is more...
Ploughed farm field
1st December 2016

Valuing Your Soils Guidance Events

It can take 500 years to replace 25 mm (1 inch) of top soil, yet in the UK it is estimated that 2.9 million tonnes of soil are eroded each year, and soil quality is diminished by poor practices. Through a previous CREW project, the “Valuing Your Soils” guidance brochure was published and case study...
Waterfront town
16th May 2016

Evaluating the impact of the Scottish Government funded Community Resilience Development Officer Post

The Scottish Government (SG) funds a development officer post at Education Scotland, to help embed resilience thinking and resources (located on the Ready for Emergencies website) within the Curriculum for Excellence delivered in Scottish schools. This includes teaching on: the causes of extreme...
Wastewater treatment plant
13th April 2016

Review of odour management and monitoring in wastewater treatment plants

Wastewater treatment works in Scotland have evolved substantially in the past 20 years.  Investments were designed to protect the environment from the adverse effects of urban waste water discharges and were not specifically focused on odour control.   Odours continued to present...
Stream with strong colour
12th October 2017

Reviewing best practice in the delivery of good drinking water quality using a prevention-led approach

The European Water Framework Directive (WFD) promotes increased awareness of catchment processes, and challenges the established dependence on a ‘treatment-led approach’ for the supply of drinking water. For example, WFD Article 7 promotes a ‘prevention-led approach’ (i.e. pollution prevention at...
Drains at a shopping complex
20th May 2017

Investigate the potential for Sustainable Drainage Systems (SuDS) retrofitting in industrial estates

Industrial estates have long been recognised as significant sources of pollution. Most were built prior to Sustainable Drainage Systems (SuDS) being a requirement for new developments, and many have surface water drainage systems conveying the surface water directly to the nearest watercourse....
Log structure in stream
1st January 2017

Initiating a Scottish Natural Flood Management Network for sharing best practice

Scotland is seen as leading the way in the implementation of the Floods Directive, particularly with respect to natural flood management (NFM). There is a significant amount of work taking place across Scotland in order to deliver NFM projects and there is a clear need for knowledge exchange (e.g....
Urban rain puddle
1st May 2017

Quantifying rates of urban creep in Scotland

Various studies have shown that land cover in urban areas tends to become more impermeable (e.g. front gardens are paved over) over time; this is often referred to as urban creep. Urban creep is likely to be a significant factor in surface water flood risk in the future. In order to manage flood...